How the Hendson "Brothers" see the business world by introducing some significant articles. Please stay tuned for the next article
Article 50 is a plan for any country that wishes to exit the EU. It was created as part of the Treaty of Lisbon - an agreement signed up to by all EU states which became law in 2009. Before that treaty, there was no formal mechanism for a country to leave the EU.
It's pretty short - just five paragraphs - which spell out that any EU member state may decide to quit the EU, that it must notify the European Council and negotiate its withdrawal with the EU, that there are two years to reach an agreement - unless everyone agrees to extend it - and that the exiting state cannot take part in EU internal discussions about its departure.
It says any exit deal must be approved by a "qualified majority" (72% of the remaining 27 EU states, representing 65% of the population) but must also get the backing of MEPs. The fifth paragraph raises the possibility of a state wanting to rejoin the EU having left it - that will be considered under Article 49.
It was written by the Scottish cross-bench peer Lord Kerr of Kinlochard. He has said he thought it would be most likely used in the event of a coup in a member state and had never imagined it being used for Brexit. The full text can be found here.
When will it be triggered?
The UK, having voted to leave the European Union in last year's referendum, can decide at what point it formally notifies the European Council.
Prime Minister Theresa May first announced her plan to do so by the end of March 2017 in October last year, having argued that she did not want to rush into the withdrawal process before UK objectives had been agreed.
The government's plan to do so by acting alone using its "royal prerogative" was thrown out by the Supreme Court following a legal challenge, so it had to introduce a bill for Parliament to vote on. That passed the Commons but was amended by the Lords. That bill has now become law and Downing Street has said Article 50 will be triggered on 29 March.
What happens next?
29 March, 2017 - UK triggers Article 50
29 April - EU summit of the 27 leaders (without the UK) to agree to give the European Commission a mandate to negotiate with the UK
May - European Commission to publish negotiating guidelines based on the mandate the EU leaders give it. The EU might say something about possible parallel negotiation on a future EU-UK trade deal
May/June 2017 - Negotiations begin
23 April and 7 May - French presidential elections
24 September - German parliamentary elections
Autumn 2017 - The UK government is expected to introduce legislation to leave the EU and put all existing EU laws into British law - the Great Repeal Bill
October 2018 - Aim to complete negotiations
Between October 2018 and March 2019 - The Houses of Parliament, European Council and European Parliament vote on any deal
March 2019 - UK formally withdraws from the European Union (The Article 50 negotiations could be extended, but this is subject to the approval of the other 27 EU member states)
This is not entirely clear. The UK says a trade deal should be part of negotiations - EU representatives have suggested the withdrawal agreement and a trade deal should be handled separately.
The UK has said it wants an "early agreement" to guarantee the rights of EU citizens living in the UK and those of British nationals living abroad.
Other issues which are likely to be discussed are things like cross-border security arrangements, the European Arrest Warrant, moving EU agencies which have their headquarters in the UK and the UK's contribution to pensions of EU civil servants - part of a wider "divorce bill" which some reports have suggested could run to £50bn.
Before the UK's 2016 referendum, the government published a report on the process for withdrawing from the European Union in which it suggested numerous areas that could be covered in talks. These included:
Unspent EU funds due to be paid to UK regions and farmers
Co-operation on foreign policy, including sanctions
Access to EU agencies which play a role in UK domestic law - like the European Medicines Agency
Transition arrangements for EU Free Trade Agreements with third countries
Access for UK citizens to the European Health Insurance Card
The rights of UK fishermen to fish in traditional non-UK waters, including those in the North Sea
The UK's environmental commitments made as party to various UN environmental conventions
A European Commission spokesperson has told the BBC that it does not comment or speculate on the specific areas that will be covered in the negotiations, which will only start after Article 50 is triggered.
Michel Barnier is the EU's Brexit negotiator
The European Commission - the EU's civil service - has created a task force headed by Michel Barnier, who will be in charge of conducting the negotiations with the UK.
On the UK side, the overall responsibility for Brexit negotiations resides with the prime minister, who is supported by the Department for Exiting the European Union led by David Davis.
The time-frame allowed in Article 50 is two years - and this can only be extended by unanimous agreement from all EU countries.
If no agreement is reached in two years, and no extension is agreed, the UK automatically leaves the EU and all existing agreements - including access to the single market - would cease to apply to the UK.
In this case, it is assumed UK trade relations with the EU would be governed by World Trade Organisation rules.
But can a new post-Brexit trade deal be done within the same two year time frame? Ministers have publicly insisted it can - but others believe it could take a decade.
Former cabinet secretary Sir Gus O'Donnell predicted it would take "at least five years" and Remain-backing former Labour minister and European commissioner Lord Mandelson predicted that "between five and 10 years" was the most likely timescale.
Some ministers have suggested there could be a transitional period once the UK leaves the EU, to avoid a "cliff edge" and phase-in new arrangements.
Article 50 does not give any details on the role of the withdrawing member state's parliament
While Article 50 states that any deal will need the "consent of the European Parliament" - it doesn't say anything about whether the parliament of the departing state should have a say too. This prompted some criticism from UK MPs that MEPs would be better informed than those in the UK's own Parliament.
After initially appearing to resist calls for Parliament to vote on the final deal, the prime minister said in January that both the Commons and Lords would get one. The UK Parliament will also scrutinise the government's work on Brexit through parliamentary debates, select committee work, and votes on proposed legislation.
In its White Paper on Brexit, the government said that parliament would have "a critical role" and that "ministers will continue to provide regular updates to Parliament and the government will continue to ensure that there is ample opportunity for both Houses to debate the key issues arising from EU exit".
A bid by peers to make Parliament's vote "meaningful" - they had wanted the vote to come early enough in the process for it to make Theresa May go back to the EU negotiating table - was seen off by MPs. So the vote will effectively be a take it or leave it one on the final deal - and if MPs reject it the UK will probably leave the EU with no deal at all.
As Article 50 has never been put to the test before, it is difficult to say as it is not explicitly stated in the article itself. But the man who wrote it, Lord Kerr, thinks it could. He told the BBC in November 2016: "It is not irrevocable. You can change your mind while the process is going on. During that period, if a country were to decide actually we don't want to leave after all, everybody would be very cross about it being a waste of time.
"They might try to extract a political price but legally they couldn't insist that you leave."
And the Prime Minister of Luxembourg, Xavier Bettel, has suggested it could be reversed: "Maybe during the procedure of divorce they will say 'we love you that much that we are not able to conclude that divorce'," he told the Independent.
The government has said that it would not reverse the Article 50 process. In a recent interview, Justice Secretary Liz Truss suggested she thought Article 50 was "irrevocable". Ultimately, the question could come before the European Court of Justice.
Op donderdag 23 maart werd Hendson tijdens de VOKA business Borrel verwelkomt als nieuw lid. Naast kennismaking met de VOKA leden stond ook de presentatie van Elke van Hoof centraal over Hyper Sensitieve Persnonen (HSP). In de deze presentatie wist Elke op een subtiele manier de "do's and don't" met HSP-ers voor het bedrijfsleven duidelijk te maken. Tijdens haar presentatie werden een aantal boeken aan de aanwezigen uitgedeeld. Voor wie belangstelling heeft voor haar recente boek volgt hier een samenvatting:
"Wat is hoogsensitiviteit en wat is het niet? Hoe bepalen we wie hoogsensitief is? Hoe gaan we ermee om op school of op de werkvloer? Liefst 1 op de 5 personen is hoogsensitief. Dat is meer dan 1 miljoen Vlamingen en meer dan 3 miljoen Nederlanders. Toch werden mensen met hoogsensitiviteit lange tijd stiefmoederlijk behandeld door de wetenschap. Bovendien is de alternatieve informatie die mensen kunnen lezen in blogs, kranten en tijdschriften niet altijd even betrouwbaar. Hoogsensitief biedt een stand van zaken van het huidige wetenschappelijke onderzoek. Het legt uit wat hoogsensitiviteit is, hoe je het kunt herkennen en hoe je kunt omgaan met de problemen die hoogsensitieve personen soms, maar zeker niet altijd, ervaren. Dit boek is een onmisbaar naslagwerk voor iedere professional die met hoogsensitieve mensen in contact komt."
Het boek heet hoogsensitief. Wij als Henson bevelen dit boek aan vanwege de contradictie die het gevolg is van HSP-er in de organisatie (wordt als lastig ervaren) en de nodige innovatie waar HSP-ers de drijfveer voor zijn.
De foto's geven een impressie van de VOKA Business Borrel
Twee partners van Hendson waren aanwezig bij de boek presentatie van Durf, leef & Onderneem door Nathalie Arteel in het provincie huis van Vlaams Brabant. Nathalie is een onderneemster in hart en nieren. De lessen van de afgelopen jaren heeft ze gebundeld in dit boek. Het is een boek met een eigenwijze visie op het ondernemen, zoals de titel al doet vermoeden. Een lezenswaardig boek met een andere kijk dan de "standaard management literatuur".
This article handles about a vision on the future of labour based on the ongoing industrial development e.g. the industrial revolutions 1 to 5.
For the yearly exhibition "Integrated Systems Europe 2017 is one of our clients nominated for the Inavation award. Please read the article and vote for them.